Five Common Retirement Planning Mistakes
by Kevin Murphy, United Investment Services, LPL Financial Advisor
Only 14% of American workers say they are "very confident" they will have enough money to live comfortably throughout retirement.1 To help reduce such uncertainty from your life, consider these five common investment pitfalls -- and how to avoid them.
Mistake #1: Waiting to Maximize Your Contributions
The sooner you start contributing the maximum amount allowed by your employer-sponsored retirement plan, the better your chances for building a significant savings cushion. By starting early, you allow more time for your contributions -- and potential earnings -- to compound, or build upon themselves, on a tax-deferred basis. For 2013, the maximum you can contribute to your 401(k), 403(b), or 457 plan is $17,500. If you are age 50 or older, you can sock away an additional $5,500. If you can't contribute to the max, be sure to contribute enough to take full advantage of any company match contributions.
It is difficult to create an effective investment plan without first targeting a specific dollar amount and recognizing how much time you have to pursue that goal. To enjoy the same quality of life in retirement that you have become accustomed to during your prime earning years, you may need the equivalent of up to 80% of your final working year's salary for each year of retirement.
Mistake #2: Ignoring Specific Financial Goals
It is true that stock investments face a greater risk of short-term price swings than fixed-income investments. However, stocks have historically produced stronger earnings over the long term.2 In general, the longer your investment time horizon, the more you might want to rely on stock funds.
Mistake #3: Fearing Stock Volatility
Some investors try to base investment decisions on daily price swings. But unless you have a crystal ball, "timing the market" could be very risky. A better idea might be to buy and hold investments for several years.
Mistake #4: Timing the Market
Investing in just one fund or asset class could subject your investment portfolio to unnecessary risk. Spreading your money over a well-chosen mix of investments may help reduce the potential for loss during periods of market volatility. Diversification may offset losses in any one investment or asset category by taking advantage of possible gains elsewhere.3
Mistake #5: Failing to Diversify
Now that you are aware of these five common investment errors, consider yourself lucky: You are ready to benefit from other people's experiences -- without making the same mistakes.
1Source: Employee Benefit Research Institute, 2012 Retirement Confidence Survey, March 2012.
2Source: Standard & Poor's. Stocks are represented by total returns from Standard & Poor's Composite Index of 500 Stocks, an unmanaged index generally considered representative of the U.S. stock market. Bonds are represented by annual total returns of long-term (10+ years) Treasury Bonds. Indexes do not take into account the fees and expenses associated with investing, and individuals cannot invest in any index. Past performance is no guarantee of future results. With any investment, it is possible to lose money.
3Diversification does not ensure a profit or protect against a loss.